Pan

2018 – 200cm x 150cm, grafito sobre papel Fabriano 200g

Pan era el dios de los pastores y rebaños. Era especialmente venerado en Arcadia y era el dios de las brisas del amanecer y del atardecer. Vivía en compañía de las ninfas en una gruta del Parnaso llamada Coricia. Se le atribuían dones proféticos y formaba parte del cortejo de Dionisos. Era cazador, curandero y músico y habitaba en los bosques. Tocaba la siringa, a la que también se conoce como Flauta de Pan. Le agradaban las fuentes y la sombra de los bosques, entre cuya maleza solía esconderse para espiar a las ninfas. Se dice que Pan era especialmente irascible si se le molestaba durante sus siestas. Pan representaba toda la naturaleza salvaje. De esta forma, se le atribuía la generación del miedo enloquecedor. De ahí la palabra pánico que, en principio, significaba el temor masivo que sufrían manadas y rebaños ante el tronar y la caída de rayos.

“… Entonces todos los inmortales se alegraron de corazón y Dionisos en especial; y llamaron al niño Pan porque él deleitó todos sus corazones … «(Himno a Pan) – Homero

«Thamus, cuando pases frente a Palodes, anuncia que el gran Pan está muerto». «Sobre el fracaso de los oráculos» – Plutarco

 

Pan was the god of the shepherds and herds. He was especially venerated in Arcadia and was the god of the breezes of sunrise and sunset. He lived in the company of the nymphs in a grotto in Parnassus called Coricia. He was credited with prophetic gifts and was part of the court of Dionysus. He was a hunter, healer and musician and lived in the forests. He played the syrinx, which is also known as the Flute of Pan. He liked the fountains and the shade of the woods, among whose undergrowth he used to hide to spy on nymphs. It is said that Pan was especially irascible if he was bothered during his naps. Pan represented all wild nature. In this way, he was credited with the generation of maddening fear. Hence the word panic that, in principle, meant the massive fear suffered by herds and flocks before the thunder and the fall of lightning.

“…Then all the immortals were glad in heart and Bacchic Dionysus in especial; and they called the boy Pan because he delighted all their hearts…” – ‘Hymn to Pan’ – Homer

“Thamus, when you come opposite to Palodes, announce that Great Pan is dead.” – ‘On the Failure of Oracles’ – Plutarch

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